A team at Purdue University
School of Veterinary Medicine conducted several studies (1,2)
to determine if vaccines can cause changes in the immune system
of dogs that might lead to life-threatening immune-mediated diseases.
They obviously conducted this research because concern already
existed. It was sponsored by the Haywood Foundation which itself
was looking for evidence that such changes in the human immune
system might also be vaccine induced. It found the evidence.
The vaccinated, but
not the non-vaccinated, dogs in the Purdue studies developed autoantibodies
to many of their own biochemicals, including fibronectin, laminin,
DNA, albumin, cytochrome C, cardiolipin and collagen.
This means that the
vaccinated dogs -- ”but not the non-vaccinated dogs”--
were attacking their own fibronectin, which is involved in tissue
repair, cell multiplication and growth, and differentiation between
tissues and organs in a living organism.
The vaccinated Purdue
dogs also developed autoantibodies to laminin, which is involved
in many cellular activities including the adhesion, spreading,
differentiation, proliferation and movement of cells. Vaccines
thus appear to be capable of removing the natural intelligence
Autoantibodies to cardiolipin
are frequently found in patients with the serious disease systemic
lupus erythematosus and also in individuals with other autoimmune
diseases. The presence of elevated anti-cardiolipin antibodies
is significantly associated with clots within the heart or blood
vessels, in poor blood clotting, haemorrhage, bleeding into the
skin, foetal loss and neurological conditions.
The Purdue studies
also found that vaccinated dogs were developing autoantibodies
to their own collagen. About one quarter of all the protein in
the body is collagen. Collagen provides structure to our bodies,
protecting and supporting the softer tissues and connecting them
with the skeleton. It is no wonder that Canine Health Concern's
1997 study of 4,000 dogs showed a high number of dogs developing
mobility problems shortly after they were vaccinated (noted in
my 1997 book, What Vets Don't Tell You About Vaccines).
Perhaps most worryingly,
the Purdue studies found that the vaccinated dogs had developed
autoantibodies to their own DNA. Did the alarm bells sound? Did
the scientific community call a halt to the vaccination program?
No. Instead, they stuck their fingers in the air, saying more
research is needed to ascertain whether vaccines can cause genetic
damage. Meanwhile, the study dogs were found good homes, but no
long-term follow-up has been conducted. At around the same time,
the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Vaccine-Associated
Feline Sarcoma Task Force initiated several studies to find out
why 160,000 cats each year in the USA develop terminal cancer
at their vaccine injection sites.(3) The
fact that cats can get vaccine-induced cancer has been acknowledged
by veterinary bodies around the world, and even the British Government
acknowledged it through its Working Group charged with the task
of looking into canine and feline vaccines(4)
following pressure from Canine Health Concern. What do you imagine
was the advice of the AVMA Task Force, veterinary bodies and governments?
"Carry on vaccinating until
we find out why vaccines are killing cats, and which cats are
most likely to die."
In America, in an attempt
to mitigate the problem, they're vaccinating cats in the tail
or leg so they can amputate when cancer appears. Great advice
if it's not your cat amongst the hundreds of thousands on the
But other species are
okay - right? Wrong. In August 2003, the Journal of Veterinary
Medicine carried an Italian study which showed that dogs also
develop vaccine-induced cancers at their injection sites.(5)
We already know that vaccine-site cancer is a possible
sequel to human vaccines, too, since the Salk polio vaccine was
said to carry a monkey retrovirus (from cultivating the vaccine
on monkey organs) that produces inheritable cancer. The monkey
retrovirus SV40 keeps turning up in human cancer sites.
It is also widely acknowledged
that vaccines can cause a fast-acting, usually fatal, disease
called autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). Without treatment,
and frequently with treatment, individuals can die in agony within
a matter of days. Merck, itself a multinational vaccine manufacturer,
states in The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy that autoimmune
haemolytic anaemia may be caused by modified live-virus vaccines,
as do Tizard's Veterinary Immunology (4th edition) and the Journal
of Veterinary Internal Medicine.(6) The
British Government's Working Group, despite being staffed by vaccine-industry
consultants who say they are independent, also acknowledged this
fact. However, no one warns the pet owners before their animals
are subjected to an unnecessary booster, and very few owners are
told why after their pets die of AIHA.
A Wide Range
of Vaccine-induced Diseases
We also found some
worrying correlations between vaccine events and the onset of
arthritis in our 1997 survey. Our concerns were compounded by
research in the human field.
The New England Journal
of Medicine, for example, reported that it is possible to isolate
the rubella virus from affected joints in children vaccinated
against rubella. It also told of the isolation of viruses from
the peripheral blood of women with prolonged arthritis following
Then, in 2000, CHC's
findings were confirmed by research which showed that polyarthritis
and other diseases like amyloidosis, which affects organs in dogs,
were linked to the combined vaccine given to dogs.(8)
There is a huge body of research, despite the paucity of funding
from the vaccine industry, to confirm that vaccines can cause
a wide range of brain and central nervous system damage. Merck
itself states in its Manual that vaccines (i.e., its own products)
can cause encephalitis: brain inflammation/damage. In some cases,
encephalitis involves lesions in the brain and throughout the
central nervous system. Merck states that "examples are the
encephalitides following measles, chickenpox, rubella, smallpox
vaccination, vaccinia, and many other less well defined viral
When the dog owners
who took part in the CHC survey reported that their dogs developed
short attention spans, 73.1% of the dogs did so within three months
of a vaccine event. The same percentage of dogs was diagnosed
with epilepsy within three months of a shot (but usually within
days). We also found that 72.5% of dogs that were considered by
their owners to be nervous and of a worrying disposition, first
exhibited these traits within the three-month post-vaccination
I would like to add
for the sake of Oliver, my friend who suffered from paralysed
rear legs and death shortly after a vaccine shot, that "paresis"
is listed in Merck's Manual as a symptom of encephalitis. This
is defined as muscular weakness of a neural (brain) origin which
involves partial or incomplete paralysis, resulting from lesions
at any level of the descending pathway from the brain. Hind limb
paralysis is one of the potential consequences. Encephalitis,
incidentally, is a disease that can manifest across the scale
from mild to severe and can also cause sudden death.
Organ failure must
also be suspected when it occurs shortly after a vaccine event.
Dr Larry Glickman, who spearheaded the Purdue research into post-vaccination
biochemical changes in dogs, wrote in a letter to Cavalier Spaniel
breeder Bet Hargreaves:
studies of dogs show that following routine vaccination, there
is a significant rise in the level of antibodies dogs produce
against their own tissues. Some of these antibodies have been
shown to target the thyroid gland, connective tissue such as
that found in the valves of the heart, red blood cells, DNA,
etc. I do believe that the heart conditions in Cavalier King
Charles Spaniels could be the end result of repeated immunisations
by vaccines containing tissue culture contaminants that cause
a progressive immune response directed at connective tissue
in the heart valves. The clinical manifestations would be more
pronounced in dogs that have a genetic predisposition [although]
the findings should be generally applicable to all dogs regardless
of their breed."
I must mention here that Dr Glickman believes that vaccines are
a necessary evil, but that safer vaccines need to be developed.
Meanwhile, please join
the queue to place your dog, cat, horse and child on the Russian
roulette wheel because a scientist says you should.
an Inflammatory Response
The word "allergy"
is synonymous with "sensitivity" and "inflammation".
It should, by rights, also be synonymous with the word "vaccination".
This is what vaccines do: they sensitise (render allergic)an individual
in the process of forcing them to develop antibodies to fight
a disease threat. In other words, as is acknowledged and accepted,
as part of the vaccine process the body will respond with inflammation.
This may be apparently temporary or it may be longstanding.
Holistic doctors and
veterinarians have known this for at least 100 years.
They talk about a wide range of inflammatory or "-itis"
diseases which arise shortly after a vaccine event. Vaccines,
in fact, plunge many individuals into an allergic state. Again,
this is a disorder that ranges from mild all the way through to
the suddenly fatal. Anaphylactic shock is the culmination: it's
where an individual has a massive allergic reaction to a vaccine
and will die within minutes if adrenaline or its equivalent is
There are some individuals
who are genetically not well placed to withstand the vaccine challenge.
These are the people (and animals are "people", too)
who have inherited faulty B and T cell function. B and T cells
are components within the immune system which identify foreign
invaders and destroy them, and hold the invader in memory so that
they cannot cause future harm. However, where inflammatory responses
are concerned, the immune system overreacts and causes unwanted
effects such as allergies and other
Merck warns in its
Manual that patients with, or from families with, B and/or T cell
immunodeficiencies should not receive live-virus vaccines due
to the risk of severe or fatal infection. Elsewhere, it lists
features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies as food allergies,
inhalant allergies, eczema, dermatitis, neurological deterioration
and heart disease. To translate, people with these conditions
can die if they receive live-virus vaccines. Their immune systems
are simply not competent enough to guarantee a healthy reaction
to the viral assault from modified live-virus vaccines.
(MLV) vaccines replicate in the patient until an immune response
is provoked. If a defence isn't stimulated, then the vaccine continues
to replicate until it gives the patient the very disease it was
intending to prevent.
Alternatively, a deranged
immune response will lead to inflammatory conditions such as arthritis,
pancreatitis, colitis, encephalitis and any number of autoimmune
diseases such as cancer and leukaemia, where the body attacks
its own cells.
A new theory, stumbled
upon by Open University student Gary Smith, explains what holistic
practitioners have been saying for a very long time. Here is what
a few of the holistic vets have said in relation to their patients:
Dr Jean Dodds: "Many
veterinarians trace the present problems with allergic and immunologic
diseases to the introduction of MLV vaccines..."
DVM: "Routine vaccinations are probably the worst thing that
we do for our animals. They cause all types of illnesses, but
not directly to where we would relate them definitely to be caused
by the vaccine." (10)
Martin Goldstein, DVM:
"I think that vaccines...are leading killers of dogs and
cats in America today."
Dr Charles E. Loops,
DVM: "Homoeopathic veterinarians and other holistic practitioners
have maintained for some time that vaccinations do more harm than
they provide benefits." (12)
Mike Kohn, DVM: "In
response to this [vaccine] violation, there have been increased
autoimmune diseases (allergies being one component), epilepsy,
neoplasia [tumours], as well as behavioural problems in small
A Theory on
Gary Smith explains
what observant healthcare practitioners have been saying for a
very long time, but perhaps they've not understood why their observations
led them to say it. His theory, incidentally, is causing a huge
stir within the inner scientific sanctum. Some believe that his
theory could lead to a cure for many diseases including cancer.
For me, it explains why the vaccine process is inherently questionable.
Gary was learning about
inflammation as part of his studies when he struck upon a theory
so extraordinary that it could have implications for the treatment
of almost every inflammatory disease -- including Alzheimer's,
Parkinson's, rheumatoid arthritis and even HIV and AIDS.
Gary's theory questions
the received wisdom that when a person gets ill, the inflammation
that occurs around the infected area helps it to heal. He claims
that, in reality, inflammation prevents the body from recognising
a foreign substance and therefore serves as a hiding place for
invaders. The inflammation occurs when at-risk cells produce receptors
called All (known as angiotensin II type I receptors). He says
that while At1 has a balancing receptor, At2, which is supposed
to switch off the inflammation, in most diseases this does not
"Cancer has been
described as the wound that never heals," he says. "All
successful cancers are surrounded by inflammation. Commonly this
is thought to be the body's reaction to try to fight the cancer,
but this is not the case.
is not the body trying to fight the infection. It is actually
the virus or bacteria deliberately causing inflammation in order
to hide from the immune system [author's emphasis]." (14)
If Gary is right, then
the inflammatory process so commonly stimulated by vaccines is
not, as hitherto assumed, a necessarily acceptable sign. Instead,
it could be a sign that the viral or bacterial component, or the
adjuvant (which, containing foreign protein, is seen as an invader
by the immune system), in the vaccine is winning by stealth.
If Gary is correct
in believing that the inflammatory response is not protective
but a sign that invasion is taking place under cover of darkness,
vaccines are certainly not the friends we thought they were. They
are undercover assassins working on behalf of the enemy, and vets
and medical doctors are unwittingly acting as collaborators. Worse,
we animal guardians and parents are actually paying doctors and
vets to unwittingly betray our loved ones.
are the stealth bomb of the medical world. They are used to catapult
invaders inside the castle walls where they can wreak havoc, with
none of us any the wiser. So rather than experiencing frank viral
diseases such as the 'flu, measles, mumps and rubella (and, in
the case of dogs, parvovirus and distemper), we are allowing the
viruses to win anyway - but with cancer, leukaemia and other inflammatory
or autoimmune (self-attacking) diseases taking their place.
The Final Insult
All 27 veterinary schools
in North America have changed their protocols for vaccinating
dogs and cats along the following lines; (15)
however, vets in practice are reluctant to listen to these changed
protocols and official veterinary bodies in the UK and other countries
are ignoring the following facts.
Dogs' and cats' immune
systems mature fully at six months. If modified live-virus vaccine
is giver after six months of age, it produces immunity, which
is good for the life of the pet. If another MLV vaccine is given
a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine neutralise
the antigens of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect.
The litre is no "boosted", nor are more memory cells
Not only are annual
boosters unnecessary, but they subject the pet to potential risks
such as allergic reactions and immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia.
In plain language,
veterinary schools in America, plus the American Veterinary Medical
Association, have looked at studies to show how long vaccines
last and they have concluded and announced that annual vaccination
Further, they have
acknowledged that vaccines are not without harm. Dr Ron Schultz,
head of pathobiology at Wisconsin University and a leading light
in this field, has been saying this politely to his veterinary
colleagues since the 1980s. I've been saying it for the past 12
years. But change is so long in coming and, in the meantime, hundreds
of thousands of animals are dying every year - unnecessarily.
The good news is that
thousands of animal lovers (but not enough) have heard what we've
been saying. Canine Health Concern members around the world use
real food as Nature's supreme disease preventative, eschewing
processed pet food, and minimise the vaccine risk. Some of us,
myself included, have chosen not to vaccinate our pets at all.
Our reward is healthy and long-lived dogs.
It has taken but one
paragraph to tell you the good and simple news. The gratitude
I feel each day, when I embrace my healthy dogs, stretches from
the centre of the Earth to the Universe and beyond.
runs Canine Health Concern which campaigns and also delivers
an educational program, the Foundation in Canine Healthcare.
She is author of Shock to the System (2005; see review this
issue), the best-selling book What Vets Don't Tell You About
Vaccines (1997, 1998), and Who Killed the Darling Buds of May?
(1997; reviewed in NEXUS 4/04).
She lives in Scotland with her partner, Rob Ellis, and three
Golden Retrievers, named Edward, Daniel and Gwinnie, and she
lectures on canine health around the world.
For more information,
contact Catherine O'Driscoll at Canine Health Concern, PO Box
7533, Perth PH2 1AD, Scotland, UK, email firstname.lastname@example.org
, website http://www.canine-health-concern.org.uk.
Shock to the System is available in the UK from CHC, and worldwide
from Dogwise at http://www.dogwise.com.
1. "Effects of Vaccination on the Endocrine and Immune Systems
of Dogs, Phase II", Purdue University, November 1,1999, at
2. See www.vet.purdue.edu/epi/gdhstudy.htm.
3. See http://www.avma.org/vafstf/default.asp.
4. Veterinary Products
Committee (VPC) Working Group on Feline and Canine Vaccination,
DEFRA, May 2001.
5. JVM Series A 50(6):286-291,
6. Duval, D. and Giger,U.
(1996). "Vaccine-Associated Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia
in the Dog", Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 10:290-295.
7. New England Journal
of Medicine, vol.313,1985.
See also Clin Exp Rheumatol 20(6):767-71, Nov-Dec 2002.
8. Am Coll Vet Intern
9. Dodds, Jean W.,DVM,
"Immune System and Disease Resistance", at http://www.critterchat.net/immune.htm.
10. Wolf Clan magazine,
11. Goldstein, Martin,
The Nature of Animal Healing, Borzoi/Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1999.
12. Wolf Clan magazine,
14. Journal of Inflammation
1:3,2004, at http://www.journal-inflammation.com content/1/1/3.
15. Klingborg, D.J.,
Hustead, D.R. and Curry-Galvin, E. et al., "AVMA Council
on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents' report on cat and dog vaccines",
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 221(10):1401-1407,
17. Schultz, R.D.,
"Current and future canine and feline vaccination programs",
Vet Med 93:233-254,1998.
18. Schultz, R.D.,
Ford, R.B., Olsen, J. and Scott, P., "Titer testing and vaccination:
a new look at traditional practices", Vet Med 97:1-13, 2002
19. Twark, L. and Dodds,
W.J., "Clinical application of serum parvovirus and distemper
virus antibody liters for determining revaccination strategies
in healthy dogs", J Am Vet Med Assoc 217:1021-1024,2000.